The Australian Government, in collaboration with peak community and industry organisations and governments at all levels, has developed an Urban Design Protocol for Australian cities, which seeks to ‘create productive sustainable and liveable places for people through leadership and the integration of urban design excellence’. The urban design protocol provides a framework that sets out the principles of good contemporary urban places. The protocol is available from

The NCA and the ACT Government are ‘champions’ of the protocol.

The protocol includes the following road user hierarchy, which prioritises designing for sustainable transport modes over that of cars (Figure 7).

The values expressed in the protocol underpin best practice in urban design, and help guide development in the National Capital.


Source: Premier’s Council for Active Living NSW (2010) adopted from Dept for Transport UK (2007), Manual for Streets