Anzac Parade was officially opened on 25 April 1965 to coincide with the 50th Anniversary of the Anzac landing in Gallipoli. Anzac is the name given to the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps soldiers who landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula on 25 April 1915.
The Memorials on Anzac Parade include:
The Australian Hellenic Memorial
The Australian Army National Memorial
The Australian National Korean War Memorial
The Australian Vietnam Forces National Memorial
The Desert Mounted Corps Memorial
The Boer War Memorial
The New Zealand Memorial
The Australian Peacekeeping Memorial
The Rats of Tobruk Memorial
The Royal Australian Air Force Memorial
The Australian Service Nurses National Memorial
The Royal Australian Navy Memorial
The Kemal Ataturk Memorial
The national capital's major ceremonial avenue is set along the Land Axis which forms a key feature of the original 1912 plan for Canberra by Walter Burley Griffin.
Commemorative events take place each year on Anzac Day, and on Remembrance Day which commemorates the end of the 1914-1918 Great War' at the Stone of Remembrance in front of the Australian War Memorial. The Anzac Parade Open Day and other significant anniversaries attract crowds of visitors to the various memorials which line the Parade.
The parade is easily distinguishable, especially when viewed from Mt Ainslie. The red gravel (some say symbolising blood) and the mixed plantings of Australian blue gums (Eucalyptus bicostata) and New Zealand Hebe species is the element which links the parliamentary area to the northern lakeshore.